African elephant

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African elephants are the elephants of the genus Loxodonta (Greek for 'oblique-sided tooth'), consisting of two extant species: the African bush elephant and the smaller African forest elephant. Loxodonta is one of the two existing genera in the family Elephantidae. Fossil members of Loxodonta have only been found in Africa, where they developed in the middle Pliocene.

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African bush elephant African forest elephant

African bush elephant

phylum Chordata The African bush elephant is the larger of the two species of African elephant. Both it and the African forest elephant have usually been classified as a single species, known simply as the African elephant, but recent evidence has seen the forest elephant classified as a distinct species. African bush elephants are the largest living terrestrial animals, being up to 3.96 m (13.0 ft) tall at the shoulders.

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class Mammalia
order Proboscidea
family Elephantidae
genus Loxodonta
species L. africana

African forest elephant

phylum Chordata The African forest elephant is a forest-dwelling elephant of the Congo Basin. Traditionally considered to be either a synonym or a subspecies of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana cyclotis), a 2010 paper supports it being a distinct species (Loxodonta cyclotis).

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class Mammalia
order Proboscidea
family Elephantidae
genus Loxodonta
species L. cyclotis