Woolly mammoth

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phylum Chordata The woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) was a species of mammoth, the common name for the extinct elephant genus Mammuthus. The woolly mammoth was one of the last in a line of mammoth species, beginning with Mammuthus subplanifrons in the early Pliocene. M. primigenius diverged from the steppe mammoth, M. trogontherii, about 200,000 years ago in eastern Asia. Its closest extant relative is the Asian elephant.

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class Mammalia
order Proboscidea
family Elephantidae
genus †Mammuthus
species M. primigenius
Temporal range Pleistocene
Holocene

Steppe mammoth

phylum Chordata The steppe mammoth (Mammuthus trogontherii or Mammuthus armeniacus) is an extinct species of Elephantidae that ranged over most of northern Eurasia during the Middle Pleistocene, 600,000-370,000 years ago. It probably evolved in Siberia during the early Pleistocene from Mammuthus meridionalis. It was the first stage in the evolution of the steppe and tundra elephants and an ancestor of the woolly mammoth of later glacial periods.

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Get back to Proboscidea

class Mammalia
order Proboscidea
family Elephantidae
genus †Mammuthus
species M. trogontherii
Temporal range Mid Pleistocene

Skeletons and Skulls