Goldfish

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phylum Chordata The goldfish is a freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae of order Cypriniformes. It was first domesticated in China more than a thousand years ago, and several distinct breeds have since been developed. Goldfish breeds vary greatly in size, body shape, fin configuration and coloration (various combinations of white, yellow, orange, red, brown, and black are known).

For more information, visit the Wikipedia entry.

Get back to Cypriniformes

class Actinopterygii
order Cypriniformes
family Cyprinidae
species Carassius auratus auratus

Bubble Eye

The Bubble Eye is a small variety of fancy goldfish with upward-pointing eyes that are accompanied by two large fluid-filled sacs. It is a dorsal-less fish – good specimens will have a clean back and eye bubbles that match in color and size. For more information visit the Wikipedia entry.

Celestial Eye

Celestial eye goldfish or Choutengan is a double-tailed breed of fancy goldfish that has a breed-defining pair of telescope eyes which are turned upwards, pupils gazing skyward. For more information visit the Wikipedia entry.

Comet

The comet or comet-tailed goldfish is a single-tailed goldfish bred in the United States. It is similar to the common goldfish, except slightly smaller and slimmer, and is mainly distinguished by its long deeply forked tail. For more information visit the Wikipedia entry.

Jikin goldfish

The jikin is a Japanese national treasure. It is also known as the peacock tail goldfish. The Jikin possesses the body shape of a Wakin or a Ryukin and has a tail that is compressed, creating a wide angle. Viewed from the back, the Jikin's tail possesses the shape of the letter X . Another striking feature on the Jikin is its Rokurin pattern, also called 12 points of red. For more information visit the Wikipedia entry.

Oranda

An oranda is a breed of goldfish characterized by a prominent bubble-like "hood" on the head. The headgrowth or hood (also known as wen orcrown) may be a prominent growth on the top of the head (cranial region) or may encase the entire face except for the eyes and mouth. For more information visit the Wikipedia entry.

Pearlscale

The Pearlscale (or Chinshurin in Japanese) is a spherical-bodied fancy goldfish with doubled finnage similar to the fantail. For more information visit the Wikipedia entry.

Ranchu

The Ranchu, is a hooded variety of fancy goldfish developed in Japan. Compared to lionheads, ranchus have a more downturned tail and tail fin. Although similar to lionheads, ranchus have more-arched backs and have much shorter tails that are tucked-in at a 45 degree angle. A ranchu has an egg-shaped body with a deep belly that is between 5/8 to 3/4 the length of the fish. This goldfish does not have a dorsal fin... For more information visit the Wikipedia entry.

Ryukin=

The ryukin is a hardy and attractive variety of goldfish with a pointed head and has a pronounced hump on the back behind the head. It may be long-finned or short-finned with either a triple or quadruple tail. The dorsal fin is high while the caudal fin is often twice as long as the body. The caudal fin may also have three or four lobes. For more information visit the Wikipedia entry.

Shubunkin

Shubunkin, 'red brocade') is a hardy, single-tailed goldfish with nacreous scales and a pattern known as calico. For more information visit the Wikipedia entry.

Telescope goldfish

The telescope eye, also known as Demekin) is a fancy goldfish characterised by its protruding eyes. For more information visit the Wikipedia entry.


Wakin goldfish

The wakin is an intermediate twin tailed goldfish variety that has been originated from China. It is thought to believe the wakin gave rise to fancy twin-tailed goldfish, including the ryukin, ranchu, oranda, fantail pearlscale, and many more twin-tailed goldfish. It is also the second oldest variety, developed from the common goldfish. For more information visit the Wikipedia entry.