Lion

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phylum Chordata The lion is a vulnerable species, having seen a major population decline in its African range of 30–50% per two decades during the second half of the 20th century. Lion populations are untenable outside designated reserves and national parks. Although the cause of the decline is not fully understood, habitat loss and conflicts with humans are currently the greatest causes of concern. Within Africa, the West African lion population is particularly endangered.

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class Mammalia
infraclass Eutheria
order Carnivora
suborder Feliformia
family Felidae
species Panthera leo

African lion

Asiatic Lion

phylum Chordata The Asiatic lion is a population of Panthera leo leo that today survives in the wild only in India. Since the turn of the 20th century, its range has been restricted to Gir National Park and the surrounding areas in the Indian state of Gujarat. Historically, it inhabited much of the Middle East to northern India.

The most striking morphological character, which is always seen in Asiatic lions, and rarely in African lions, is a longitudinal fold of skin running along its belly. Asiatic lions are slightly smaller than African lions.

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class Mammalia
infraclass Eutheria
order Carnivora
suborder Feliformia
family Felidae
subspecies Panthera leo leo

Cape lion

phylum Chordata The Cape lion was a distinctive population of lions in South Africa's Natal and Cape Provinces that was extirpated in the mid-19th century. The type specimen originated at the Cape of Good Hope and was described in 1842.

Traditionally, the Cape lion was considered a distinct subspecies of lion, Panthera leo melanochaita. However, phylogeographic analysis has shown that lion populations in Southern and East Africa are closely related.

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class Mammalia
infraclass Eutheria
order Carnivora
suborder Feliformia
family Felidae
genus Panthera
subspecies †P. l. melanochaita


Lion Skeleton

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