Lion

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The lion (Panthera leo) is one of the four big cats in the genus Panthera and a member of the family Felidae. It is the second-largest living cat after the tiger. Wild lions currently exist in sub-Saharan Africa and in Asia (where an endangered remnant population resides in Gir Forest National Park in India) while other types of lions have disappeared from North Africa and Southwest Asia in historic times.

Until the late Pleistocene, about 10,000 years ago, the lion was the most widespread large land mammal after humans.

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Africanlion1.pngAfrican lion Asiatic Lion.jpgAsiatic Lion † Cape lion Cave lion.jpg† Cave lion

African lion

phylum Chordata The lion is a vulnerable species, having seen a major population decline in its African range of 30–50% per two decades during the second half of the 20th century. Lion populations are untenable outside designated reserves and national parks. Although the cause of the decline is not fully understood, habitat loss and conflicts with humans are currently the greatest causes of concern. Within Africa, the West African lion population is particularly endangered.

For more about Asiatic lions see the Wikipedia Entry

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class Mammalia
infraclass Eutheria
order Carnivora
suborder Feliformia
family Felidae
species Panthera leo

Asiatic Lion

phylum Chordata The Asiatic lion is a lion subspecies that exists as a single isolated population in India's Gujarat State. It is listed as Endangered by IUCN based on the small population size.

The most striking morphological character, which is always seen in Asiatic lions, and rarely in African lions, is a longitudinal fold of skin running along its belly. Asiatic lions are slightly smaller than African lions.

For more about Asiatic lions see the Wikipedia Entry

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class Mammalia
infraclass Eutheria
order Carnivora
suborder Feliformia
family Felidae
species Panthera leo persica

Cape Lion

phylum Chordata The Cape lion (Panthera leo melanochaitus) was a subspecies of lion that is extinct since 1858. Cape "black-maned" lions ranged along the Cape of Africa on the southern tip of the continent. The Cape lion was not the only subspecies living in South Africa, and its exact range is unclear. Its stronghold was Cape Province, in the area around Cape Town. One of the last Cape lions seen in the province was killed in 1858. The Cape lion disappeared so rapidly following contact with Europeans that it is unlikely that habitat destruction was a significant factor. The Dutch and English settlers, hunters, and sportsmen simply hunted it into extinction.

For more about Cave Lions see the Wikipedia Entry

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class Mammalia
infraclass Eutheria
order Carnivora
suborder Feliformia
family Felidae
genus Panthera
species †P. l. melanochaitus

Cave Lion

phylum Chordata Panthera leo spelaea, commonly known as the European or Eurasian cave lion, is an extinct subspecies of lion. It is known from fossils and many examples of prehistoric art. The cave lion is sometimes considered a species in its own right, under the name Panthera spelaea, and at least one authority, based on a comparison of skull shapes, considers the cave lion to be more closely related to the tiger, which would result in the formal name Panthera tigris spelaea. However, recent genetic research shows it was most closely related to the modern lion among extant felids,

For more about Cave Lions see the Wikipedia Entry

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class Mammalia
infraclass Eutheria
order Carnivora
suborder Feliformia
family Felidae
genus Panthera
species P. leo spelaea

Lion Skeleton

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